[Preface] [Introduction] [Index]
Psalms 108, 109, and 110
- Verses 1 through _____ of Psalm 108 are taken
from verses ____ through _____ of Psalm 57.
- 2. Verses ______ through 13 of Psalm 103 are
taken from verses _____ through _____ of Psalm 60.
- With the imprecations contained in this
psalm, compare those in Psalms 7, 35, and 69.
- In Psalm 35:5-11, did David ask that his
enemies be killed, and if so, was he right in doing so? (cf. Deuteronomy
19:15-21, Psalm 35:11; note 1 Samuel 24:9 as an example of an occasion when
David's enemies were unrighteous witnesses against him.)
- Is the language of Psalm 109:6-19 any more
severe than that of Psalm 35, and is it compatible with a man of David's
- Due to their conviction that the words of
Psalm 109:6-19 could not have been David's, some have attributed then to
David's enemies by adding the word, "saying" at the end of verse 5. How would
this explain the transition from the plural pronouns of verses 2-5 to the
singular pronouns of verses 6-19?
- In light of verse 20, does attributing the
words of verses 6-19 to David's enemies remove the problem of putting the
imprecations in David's mouth? Note the attempt by some to explain David's
words by means of Luke 9:55 (KJV). (cf. II Kings 1:9-16)
- In verse 28, we read, "But do thou bless"
Bless whom? (Compare the phrase "Let them curse..." Curse whom?
- From whom will God save the needy according
to verse 31?
- Try to list all of the places in the New
Testament where portions of this psalm are quoted.
- Who says to whom, "Sit at my right
hand.."? (Compare the ASV)
- With the exception of the 2nd and 16th
psalms, all of those psalms with messianic elements which we have thus far
studied have, in my estimation, been messianic only in a typical sense. That
is, the intention of the writer was to describe persons and events of the Old
Testament, but these persons and events foreshadowed the messianic age. Thus
the meanings of these psalms were fulfilled, or completed in new Testament
times. Answer the following questions and determine whether the 110 the psalm
is messianic in a typical sense only, or on the other hand was intended to be
messianic in the writer's mind?
- Read Matthew 22:41-46 and Mark
12:35-37 and determine the answer to Jesus' question which so perplexed the
Pharisees. (What does the incident recorded in these two passages tell you
about the Pharisees' understanding of the subject of Psalm 110?)
- According to Jesus, whom did David, in the
Spirit, call Lord?
- The argument of Hebrews 7:11-17 is based on
Psalm 110:4. The argument demonstrates that if the priesthood was changed,
there was necessarily also a change of what?
- Why is it assumed that the priesthood is
changed in Hebrews 7:11-17?
- Based on the answers to the two preceding
questions and assuming that David was speaking not of the Messiah, but rather
of some Old Testament character who only foreshadowed the Messiah, what would
one have to conclude about the status of the law of Moses during the lifetime
of that character?
- In the midst of whom would the Messiah rule?
- What problem does this pose for the premillennialist who believes that Christ will not really begin to rule until
after his second coming?
- To whom do the words, "The Lord will
stretch forth Thy strong scepter from Zion...", belong? (The question is not to
whom do the words refer.)
- To whom does the word "thy" (verse 2) refer?
- According to verse 4, what would Jehovah not
- Does the Lord ever repent of anything, and if
so, what does this mean? (cf. Genesis 6:6, Exodus 32:14, 1 Samuel 15:35, etc.;
however, compare Numb 23:19)
- Name those characteristics of Jesus'
priesthood which were also characteristic of Melchizedek's priesthood and in
contra-distinction to the Levitical order. (See Hebrews 7:1-3)
- Who will judge among the nations?