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Lesson 21

Psalm 20, 21

It is possible that these two psalms are connected in more than order of placement in the book of Psalms. They were likely used as a litany in behalf of the king at the time of a battle. Perhaps they were used repeatedly. See Deuteronomy 20:29 for another example of a public declaration in connection with battle.

  1. Who is addressed in the second person throughout these 2 psalms?

  2. The king is exhorted to temper his offerings and accept (i.e., regard as worthy to be offered) his burnt offerings.
    • What would have been the occasion of these offerings?
    • In I Samuel 13:5-12, why did Saul feel such urgency that he offered the burnt offering himself rather that wait for Samuel?

  3. What is meant by the king's counsel in Psalm 20:4?

  4. Where is God's saving strength said to be?

  5. Why might chariots and horses have been used as an example of something that other nations trusted in? See Deuteronomy 17:14-16.

  6. Would the words of Psalm 20 have been spoken before or after the battle?

  7. Would the words of Psalm 21 have been spoken before or after the battle?

  8. Did God grant the request of Psalm 20:4 concerning the king's desire? (Cite a verse in Psalm 21 to support your answer.)

  9. Who is responsible for the victory? (Psalm 21:8-9a, but, on the other hand 21:9b. Finally, see 21:7)