Lesson 9

Primary texts:
    Leviticus 23
    Ex. 23:14ff
    Ex. 34:23
    Dt. 16:16

  1. What annual occasion is described in Lev. 23:5?
  2. What annual occasion is described in Lev. 23:6-8?
  3. Compare this passage with Ex. 12:14-20 and answer the following questions:
    1. The feast of unleavened bread was to last from what day of the month to what day of the month?
    2. On which of those days were the Israelites to have no leavened bread?
    3. On which of those days were the Israelites to refrain from working?
    4. In Ex.12, the idea of using unleavened bread seems first of all to have been a reflection of what fact? (Ex. 12:8-11)
    5. But another significance of unleavened bread is that leaven comes to represent what? (Mt. 16:5-12, 1 Cor. 5:6-8)
    6. Did leaven always have this ethical connotation? See Mt. 13:33.
    7. What does Luke 22:1 tell us about the feast names, and why that might have been?
  4. Complete the following table, filling in the various OT names of the feasts as given in the respective passages





Ex. 23:14ff 23:15 Feast of ___________ 23:16 Feast of ___________ 23:16 Feast of ___________
Dt. 16:16 16:1-2,3 The  ___________ 16:9-10 Feast of ___________ 23:13 Feast of ___________
Ex. 34:23 34:18 Feast of ___________ 34:22 Feast of ___________, that is the ____________ 34:22 Feast of ___________
Lev. 23



23:5-6 Passover, Unleavened Bread 23:15 Count _________ from the day after ________  




23:9 Bring sheaf of the __________ of your __________ to the priest  
23:11 wave the sheaf before the Lord on the day ________ 23:16 ________ days to the day after the 7th Sabbath

  1. What two feasts are said to be "of first fruits"
  2. What does "first fruits" mean, and how can both of these be "of first fruits"? Was there a harvest as early as the first month of the year? (See Joshua 3:14-15 and compare Joshua 5:10-11).
  1. What does the Passover feast foreshadow? (1 Cor. 5:7)
  2. Why is it appropriate that this feast foreshadow this?
  3. Why is it appropriate that the events of Acts 2 took place at Pentecost?