Lesson 8

Primary texts:
    Leviticus 20
    1 Sam. 28
    Jn. 7:53-8:11
    Dt. 24:1-4

  1. Lev. 20:1-5. 1 Kings  11:7,  Acts 7:43, Is. 57:9, Jer. 32:35, Jer. 49:1  Who/what was Molech? Look it up in a Bible Dictionary or a Bible Encyclopedia. You might try the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia.
  2. Read Lev. 20:6, 27, and compare Dt. 18:9-12.
    1. When Saul was searching for his father's donkeys, his servant had encouraged him to consult a man of God (1 Sam 9) and the text explained, "when a man went to inquire of God, he used to say, 'Come let us go to the seer'; for he who is called a prophet now was formerly called a seer" (vs. 9). At the end of his life, when Saul was threatened by the Philistines, why couldn't he consult the man of God?
    2. What other means had there been for consulting the Lord, and were they available to Saul? (1 Sam. 28:6)
    3. To what sort of person did Saul resort?
    4. Why was the woman reluctant to accommodate him? (28:9, cf. 28:3).
  3. What is the penalty for adultery according to Lev. 20:10?
    1. There is very weak evidence for John 7:53-8:11 in the ancient manuscripts of the New Testament, and accordingly, most modern translations give some indication of the doubtfulness of the passages authenticity. Nonetheless, it's difficult to explain how the passage came to be in so many of the later manuscripts if it didn't describe an incident that had some basis in fact.  Perhaps the story belongs to the category of things mentioned in Jn. 21:25. In any event, in what circumstances had the Pharisees found the woman? (Jn. 8:3)  Assuming the accuracy of the story, doesn't that suggest they knew the identity of the man involved? Why didn't they bring him?
    2. Do you see what significance the words, "let him that is without sin..." might have had, not only in a general way, but in a very specific and immediate way?
    3. Dt. 24:1-4 says that a man who puts away his wife, having found some shameful thing, some indecency in her, cannot take her back if she has since become another man's wife. There is much discussion about the meaning of "shameful thing" or "thing of indecency" in vs. 24:1, some insisting that it refers to sexual infidelity and some arguing that it is more broad in meaning. What bearing might Lev. 20:10 have on this question?