- At what sea do the events of chapter
21 take place? What is another name for this sea? Had
Jesus said he would appear to the disciples in this
particular region? (Mt. 26:32, 28:7)
- How many of the disciples were
together on this occasion? Give the names of five of
- Who announced that he was going
fishing, and then who went?
- Where was Jesus and where were these
disciples when they first saw him on this occasion? Did
they recognize him immediately?
- Who first recognized him?
- What did Peter do that was so
characteristic of him?
- Describe the events related in the
following passages, focusing particularly upon Peter's
role: Mt. 14:28-30, Mt. 16:21-22, Mt. 17:4-5, Mt.
26:31-35, Jn. 18:10-11, Jn. 20:2-8. Which of the
following character traits do you see in Peter in these
overly sure of
talks a better game
than he plays,
- After they had eaten, What did Jesus
- Does Jesus mean, "Do you love me
more than you love these other disciples" or
"Do you love me more than you love these fish"
or "Do you love me more than these love me"?
Had Peter ever acted like he thought he loved Jesus more
than the others did? (See especially Mt. 26:33, and
notice that Jesus' question comes just after another
incident where Peter's enthusiasm is on display.)
- There are two distinct words
translated "love" in Jn. 21:15-21. These words
overlap in meaning, and indeed are sometimes used as
synonyms. However, they can have a different connotation.
One is the word used in Mt. 5:44, "Love your
enemies." Does this mean feel all warm and fuzzy
about your enemies? Does it mean to "like" your
enemies? What does it mean? Sometimes this word is used
of willed love that is not contingent upon reciprocation.
(see Romans 5:8 and Ephesians 5:25). It is not a love
that must be kindled by the goodness of the one loved.
This word is agapw (or in uncontracted form as you would find
it in a lexicon, agapaw).
Although either word can be used of affection, the other
word can have especially the idea of affection. In fact,
it is sometimes used in the sense of "kiss."
This word is filw (or in uncontracted form as you would find
it in a lexicon, filew)
Follow the flow of the text and discuss whether or not it
seems that John means to make a distinction between the
two words here:
Jesus says to Simon
Peter, Simon son of John, do you love (ag-) me more than these?
He says to him, Yes, Lord,
you know that I love (fil-) you.
He says to him, Feed my
He says to him again a
second time, Simon son of John, do you love (ag-) me?
He says to him, Yes ,
Lord, you know that I love (fil-) you.
He says to him, tend my
The third time, He says to
him, Simon son of John, do you love (fil-) me?
Peter was grieved because
the third time he said to him, do you love (fil-) me?
- Why did Peter become grieved? Do you
suppose Peter had thought he was asserting even more than
Jesus was asking?
- When there is a difference in the
meaning of the two words, which one can run hot and cold
depending on externals, for example, how one is being
treated by another?
- What did Jesus tell Peter about the
manner in which Peter would die?
- If the exchange between Jesus and
Peter in verses 15-20 was Jesus' way of calling Peter's
attention to his need to grow unto a love that would
carry him through what he would suffer as the time of his
death approached, which kind of love is it that Peter
needed to further develop? Why?
- How did Peter respond to Jesus' words
about his death? (Careful: Note that all of verse 20 is
just an identification of the disciple whom Peter saw.
Peter's response to Jesus' words about his death begin in
verse 21.) Have you ever reprimanded a child only to have
the response come back, "What about him/her?"
If so, what do you tell the child? What did Jesus say to
Peter? (vs. 22)
- What rumor got started as a result of
- Read 2 Peter 1:12-15. In what verse
does Peter allude to Jesus' words about how Peter would
- Read 2 Peter 1:14-21 and 1 Peter
4:12-19. Does it seem that Peter developed the love for
the Lord he needed to have to face death bravely and
confidently? What incident in Peter's earlier years might
you especially contrast with the faith you see in his
later years as he anticipates his death?