According to John


Chapter 13

  1. According to Luke 22:24ff, on this occasion a contention arose among the disciples concerning what?

  2. In contrast to the behavior or the disciples what did Jesus do? (Jn. 13:3ff)

  3. Why, and when, were the feet of guests usually washed? (Gen. 24:31-33; 43:24; Judges 19:21; Luk. 7:44)

  4. It would seem that the disciples' feet had not been washed before the supper (Jn. 13:4). In light of Luk. 22:24ff, and Jn. 13:14-16, what was very likely the reason for this?

  5. What was it that Simon Peter did not know? (Jn. 13:7, cf. 13:12ff)

  6. Why did Peter suddenly desire to be washed all over?

  7. Why did Jesus say "but not all"? (Jn. 13:10-11)

  8. Read Jn. 13:15. Jesus had given his disciples an example of what?

  9. On the basis of this passage, some have concluded that Jesus instituted foot washing as an act of worship which we should observe in the assembly much as we do the Lord's Supper. Be prepared to show why we should, or should not conclude such. Consider another occasion (Mk. 10:37-41) when Jesus used an object lesson to combat the same wrong attitude that is seen among the disciples on this occasion.

  10. Jesus quoted Psalm 41:9 with reference to whom? (Jn. 13:18; cf. 13:11, 21-26)

  11. Read Ps. 41:1-12, especially noting vs. 4. Is David speaking of treatment he himself had received, or of the treatment received by the Messiah?

  12. What period of David's life do these verses seem to describe and who might have been the friend mentioned in vs. 9? (Read 1 Chronicles 27:33; 2 Samuel 15:12, 31)

  13. Study the meaning and significance of the word "fulfilled" as used in Lk. 22:16 and compare the quotation of Ps. 22:18 in Jn. 19:24 with the quotation of Ps. 41:9 in Jn. 13:18.

  14. Did Jesus' foreknowledge of Judas' betrayal (Ps. 41:9; Jn. 6:64, 70; 13:11, 18, 21-26) exculpate Judas? (Mt. 26:24)

  15. To whom did Simon Peter beckon, and why? (Jn. 13:23)

  16. Compare Jn. 13:27 with 13:2, and explain how Satan "entered into" Judas.

  17. What did the disciples suppose Jesus meant by the words, "What thou doest, do quickly"?

  18. Note the immediacy with which the words of verse 31 follow the statement of vs. 30 that "it was night," and compare the figure of speech used in Jn. 9:4.

  19. On verse 33, see 7:33-36.

  20. What was the new commandment and in what sense was it new? (Cf. 1 Jn. 2:7-11, Mt. 5:43-47, Lev. 19:17-18, and Lk. 10:25-37)