According to John


Chapter 2

  1. Locate Cana of Galilee on a map.

  2. On the expression in vs. 4, compare the following passages where the same idiom occurs: Mt. 8:29, Mk. 1:24, Mk. 5:7, Lk. 4:34, Lk. 8:28; and in the Septuagint: Jdg. 11:12, 1 Ki. 17:18, 2 Ki. 3:13, 2 Chron. 35:21.

  3. Does Jesus' use of "woman" as a means of addressing his mother indicate lack of affection? (cf. Jn. 19:26)

  4. What did Jesus mean by the statement, "mine hour is not yet come"? (cf. Jn. 12:23, 17:1)

  5. Why did he say this on this occasion?

  6. Approximately how many gallons would the six water pots mentioned in Jn. 2:6 have held? (If your translation uses the word "firkin", consult a Bible dictionary, or see a modern translation of this passage.)

  7. On the Jews' manner of purifying," see Mt. 15:2, Mk. 7:3-4, and Mt. 23:25.

  8. What miracle was done?

  9. It is a fact that in Biblical times, people routinely drank fermented grape juice. However this does not mean that the typical table beverage was the same sort of thing one would be drinking if he drank a glass of wine today. Their typical table beverage was heavily diluted. Consider the following quotations, the first from the International Standard Bible Encyclopediea, and the second from the book of 2 Maccabees:

  10. In OT times wine was drunk undiluted, and wine mixed with water was thought to be ruined (Isa 1 22)....At a later period, however, the Gr use of diluted wines had attained such sway that the writer of 2 Macc speaks (15:39) of undiluted wine as "distasteful" (pelemion). This dilution is so normal in the following centuries that the Mish can take it for granted and, indeed, R. Eliezer even forbade saying the table-blessing over undiluted wine (Berakhoth 7 5). The proportion of water was large, only one-third or one-fourth of the total mixture being wine (Niddah 2 7; Pesahim 108b) ISBE, 3087b

  11. For just as it is harmful to drink wine alone, or again to drink water alone, while wine mixed with water is sweet and delicious and enhances one's enjoyment, so also the style of the story delights the ears of those who read the work. 2 Maccabees 15:39
  12. Is there any evidence in the Bible that godly people needed to exercise caution even when drinking such diluted "wine"? See 1 Tim. 3:8, Titus 2:3, Luke 21:34, Rom 13:13, Gal 5:21, 1 Pt. 4:3, Eph 5:18, 1 Tim 3:3, Titus 1:7.

    Given those warnings about drinking in an environment where "wine" usually referred to a product heavily diluted with water, what should we think about drinking a beverage that is 3 or 4 times more intoxicating?

  13. To whom did Jesus tell the servants to take the wine?

  14. What did this man say to the bridegroom?

  15. Why was the good wine generally served first and the wine that was worse saved till the last?

  16. Who benefitted from the miracle?

  17. This miracle was the beginning of Jesus' ___________.

  18. What was the occasion of Jesus' going to Jerusalem?

  19. How many times did Jesus castthe money changers out of the temple? (Careful! compare and contrast Mt. 21:21ff, Mk. 11:15ff, and Lk. 19:45ff with John 2: 13ff)

  20. When asked for a sign, how did Jesus respond, and what did he mean? (2:18-22; cf. Mt. 26:61)